A Theoretical Discourse of Domination of Power and Societal Injustice in Adwaita Mallabarman’s Novel A River Called Titash

Document Type : Original Article


Department of English Studies, Akal University, Talwandi Sabo, Bhatinda, Punjab, India


Class and caste struggle between bourgeois and proletariats has been one of the crucial concerns in the Indian subcontinent for long. The Bengali writers in the continent too have been influenced by the Marxist concept of power and domination. A number of writers became vocal about many local issues that have long been ignored by the previous writers. Adwaita Mallabarman is one of them who highlighted the issue of the subaltern Malo fishing community living on the bank of Titash river through his remarkable novel A River Called Titash. In the present society where capitalism decides almost everything, this fishing community lives under domination and is deprived of the minimum opportunities they deserve despite their hard working. The upper caste zamindars, money lenders snatch away the profit from these fishermen and keep them under perpetual debt. The upper caste Kayasthas use multiple ideological state apparatuses to destroy the cultural identity of the Malo community. The present research paper is a modest attempt to study the socio-political and economic position of the Malo fishing community who are marginalized from the mainstream Bengali society because of their lower caste identity. This paper has further discussed the theoretical discourse of domination of power and societal injustices covered in the select Bengali narratives.