Perspectives of Harlem Renaissance in Zora Hurston's novel Their Eyes were Watching God

Document Type : Original Article


Ministry of Education in Iraq-Anbar Education Directorate


Zora Neale Hurston as an active member of the Harlem Renaissance, discussed the perspectives of women independence, self-expression, gender evenness and gender role in her novel ‘’Their Eyes Were Watching God’’. This study focuses on some excerpts from the novel to analyze the role of Janie Crawford, the heroin of the novel who impersonates the heroin and narrator of the novel as well. In addition, the paper also discusses how Hurston characterized Janie to be her mouthpiece in the novel to speak for women in the United States for not to be submissive and humiliated for men. The paper analyzes the novel by using the hypothesis of being Hurston both as a member of the Harlem Renaissance and as a feminist. One of the most important results of the study is; it will reread Hurston’s novel from two points of view; one as a feminist defender and the other as a member of Harlem Renaissance. The implication of this study is that it will answer the questions: how did Hurston characterized her heroin Janie to be the female voice of the African American women? And how did Hurston reflect the perspectives of Harlem Renaissance in her novel ‘’Their Eyes Were Watching God’’?